Families of Vascular Plants - EEB337H

Toronto Islands 2 October 2008

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Photo courtesy and © 2008 D. Lee
Saponaria officinalis flowers. In referring to this species as "naturalized," we mean that it is not part of the native flora of Ontario that was established following deglaciation. Rather, this species was introduced (in this case from Eurasia) as a result of human activity over the past 200 years, and it has spread widely, since on disturbed sites it can complete its life-cycle without further human intervention.

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| What are plant families? | How do we distinguish them? | How and why do we study them? | Selected vascular plant families of Ontario | Reading List | Course outline |

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Please send your comments to tim.dickinson@utoronto.ca; last updated 11-Oct-2008