BOT 360F - Families of Vascular Plants

Liliopsida; Angiosperms with one cotyledon; "Monocots"

Additional synapomorphies for this apparently monophyletic group include...

As arranged in Cronquists's system, the Liliopsida include...

Alismatidae: (four orders)
[University of Hawaii Botany images of Alismataceae, Hydrocharitaceae, Potomogetonaceae]
 
Arecidae: five orders, including
Commelinidae: seven orders, including
Zingiberidae:
Liliidae:

Arales

Araceae

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Skunk cabbage (Symplocarpus foetidus (L.) Salisb. ex Nutt.) in early spring; at right, spathe partially cut away to show spadix.

Photo: R. Presgrave 1997 Royal Ontario Museum (TRT 583, 585)

Symplocarpus foetidus spadix (18173 bytes)

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Arisaema flowers (23797 bytes)

Jack-in-the-pulpit (Arisaema triphyllum (L.) Schott) in flower and fruit at the right; above (left to right) female and male flowers enlarged.   Below, variation in gender composition of the inflorescence:  female, male, hermaphrodite.  [Zomlefer (1994) pp. 301-303]

Illustration: C. Sadler 1972 University of Toronto

Arisaema triphyllum (91585 bytes)

 

Arisaema female infl. Arisaema male infl.

Arisaema hermaphrodite infl.

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Typhales

Typhaceae

 

 

 

 

 

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Typha flowers

Typha latifolia L. (broadleaf cattail) in flower (right); above (from left to right) female flower, fruit, and male flower.   [Zomlefer (1994) pp. 317-319]

Illustration: C. Sadler 1972 University of Toronto
Photo: R. Presgrave 1997 Royal Ontario Museum (TRT 416)

Typha latifolia

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Bromeliales

Bromeliaceae

 

 

 

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pineapple (20009 bytes)

Cultivated Ananas comosa (pineapple)
[Zomlefer (1994) pp. 308-310]

Photo: R. Presgrave 1997 Royal Ontario Museum (TRT 595)

Tillandsia spp. (29348 bytes)

Tillandsia spp. growing epiphytically

Photo: R. Presgrave 1997 Royal Ontario Museum (TRT 604)

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Zingiberales

Strelitziaceae

Musaceae

 

 

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Strelitzia reginae (9883 bytes)

Strelitzia reginae (above), Musa sapientum (right)

[Zomlefer (1994) pp. 319-339]

Photo: R. Presgrave 1997 Royal Ontario Museum (TRT 936, 945)

bananas (19963 bytes)

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Liliales

Liliaceae sensu lato

 

 

 

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Erythronium americanum Ker Gawler (trout lily, dogtooth violet) [Zomlefer (1994) pp. 270-288]

Erythronium americanum (16445 bytes)

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Photo: T. A. Dickinson 1997 T. A. Dickinson

Orchidales

Orchidaceae

Cypripedium acaule Aiton
[Zomlefer (1994) pp. 293-297]

Photo: M. Ferguson 1997 Royal Ontario Museum

Cypripedium acaule (18281 bytes)

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Dahlgren, Clifford & Yeo (1985)
Sporne (1975)
Voss (1972)

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Please send your comments to tim.dickinson@utoronto.ca; last updated 25-Oct-2008