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Prairie Grasses

Past and Potential for Ontario's Natural Heritage - References

Bakowsky, W.D. Community Ecologist, Natural Heritage Information Centre, Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, personal communication.

Bakowsky, W.D. 1993. A Review and Assessment of Prairie, Oak Savannah and Woodland in Site Regions 7 and 6 (Southern Region). 89 pp., appendices. Unpublished report (draft) by Gore & Storrie Ltd. for Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, Southern Region, Aurora.

Bakowsky, W. and J.L. Riley. 1994. A survey of the prairies and savannas of southern Ontario. In R. Wickett, P. Dolan Lewis, A. Woodliffe and P. Pratt, eds. Proceedings of the Thirteenth North American Prairie Conference: Spirit of the Land, Our Prairie Legacy. August 6-9, 1992. Windsor: Corporation of the City of Windsor. Pp. 7-16.

Bazzaz, F.A. and J.A.D. Parrish. 1982. Organization of grassland communities. In J.R. Estes, R.J. Tyrl, and J.N. Brunken, eds. Grasses and Grasslands: Systematics and Ecology. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press. Pp. 233-254.

Brown, L. 1979. Grasses: An Identification Guide. New York: Houghton Mifflin.

Browning, M. 1998. Abandoned pit and quarry sites: living experiments. In Reclamation and Restoration of Settled Landscapes. Proceedings of the 23rd Annual Meeting, Canadian Land Reclamation Association in association with the Society for Ecological Restoration Ontario Chapter, Markham, Ontario. September 27-30, 1998.

Catling, P.M., V.R. Catling, and S.M. McKay-Kuja. 1992. The extent, floristic composition and maintenance of the Rice Lake Plains, Ontario, based on historical records. Canadian Field-Naturalist 106(1):73-86.

COSEWIC. 1998. Canadian Species at Risk, April 1998. Ottawa: Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada.

Chapman, G.P. 1996. The Biology of Grasses. Wallingford: CAB International.

Daigle, J-M, and D. Havinga. 1996. Restoring Nature's Place: A Guide to Naturalizing Ontario's Parks and Greenspace. Toronto: Ecological Outlook Consulting and Ontario Parks Association.

Deevey, E.S. and R.F. Flint. 1957. Postglacial hypsithermal interval. Science 125:182-184.

Delaney, K. Tallgrass Prairie Specialist, Rural Lambton Stewardship Network, personal communication.

Delaney, K., L. Rodger, G. Rhynard, P.A. Woodliffe, and P. Morris. In preparation. Planting the Seed: A Guide to Establishing Prairie and Meadow Communities In Southern Ontario. Burlington: Environment Canada.

Dore, W.G. and J. McNeill. 1980. Grasses of Ontario. Ottawa: Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Monograph 26.

Faber-Langendoen, D. and P.F. Maycock. 1994. A vegetation analysis of tallgrass prairie in southern Ontario. In R. Wickett, P. Dolan Lewis, A. Woodliffe and P. Pratt, eds. Proceedings of the Thirteenth North American Prairie Conference: Spirit of the Land, Our Prairie Legacy. August 6-9, 1992. Windsor: Corporation of the City of Windsor. Pp. 17-32.

Fassett, N.C. 1951. Grasses of Wisconsin. Madison: The University of Wisconsin Press.

Fergusson, A. 1834. Practical Notes Made During a Tour in Canada (1831). Edinburgh: Blackwood.

Gartshore, M. Consulting ecologist, personal communication.

Goodban, A.G. 1995. The Vascular Plant Flora of the Regional Municipality of Hamilton-Wentworth, Ontario. First edition - Revised. Ancaster: Hamilton Region Conservation Authority.

Goodban, A.G., B.D. Bricker and W.D. Bakowsky. In press. The historical and present extent and floristic composition of prairie and savanna vegetation in the vicinity of Hamilton, Ontario. In D. Paddock, ed. Proceedings of the 15th North American Prairie Conference. Natural Areas Association, Chesterfield, Missouri.

Gould, L. and R.B. Shaw. 1983. Grass Systematics. 2nd ed. College Station: Texas A&M University Press.

Henkes, R. Undated. Growing grasses and trees for energy. The Furrow newsletter.

Jacobs, Clint. Resident, Walpole Island, personal communication.

Jacobson, R.L., N.J. Albrecht and K.E. Bolin. 1990. Wildflower routes: benefits of a management program for Minnesota right-of-way prairies. In D. Smith and C. Jacobs, eds. Proceedings of the Twelfth North American Prairie Conference: Recapturing a Vanishing Heritage. Cedar Falls, Iowa: University of Northern Iowa Press.

Jameson, Mrs. 1838. Winter studies and summer rambles in Canada, Vol. 2. London: Saunders and Otley. Condint Sheet facsimile by Coles Publishing Ltd., Toronto, 1972.

Jones, C.A. 1985. C4 Grasses and Cereals: Growth, Development, and Stress Response. Toronto: John Wiley & Sons.

Jordan, W.R. 1997. Foreword. In S. Packard and C.F. Mutel, eds. The Tallgrass Restoration Handbook for Prairies, Savannas, and Woodlands. Washington: Island Press.

Joyce, J. and J.P. Morgan. 1989. Manitoba's tall-grass prairie conservation project. In T.B. Bragg and J. Stubbendieck, eds. Prairie Pioneers: Ecology, History and Culture. Proceedings of the Eleventh North American Prairie Conference, held August 7 - 11, 1988. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Printing.

Kline, V.M. 1997. Orchards of oak and a sea of grass. In S. Packard and C.F. Mutel, eds. The Tallgrass Restoration Handbook for Prairies, Savannas, and Woodlands. Washington: Island Press. Pp. 3-21.

Kutner, L.S. and L.E. Morse. 1996. Reintroduction in a changing climate. In E.A. Falk, C.I. Millar, and M. Olwell, eds. Restoring Diversity: Strategies for Reintroduction of Endangered Plants. Washington: Island Press. Pp. 23-48.

Lajeunesse, E.J. 1960. The Windsor border region. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Landon, F. 1922. The diary of Benjamin Lundy, written during his journey through Upper Canada, January 1832. Ontario Historical Society Papers and Records 19:110-133.

Leopold, A. 1949. A Sand County Almanac. New York: Oxford University Press.

McLean, L. Farmers and Friends, Sarnia, personal communication.

Moore, R., W.D. Clark, and K.R. Stern. 1995. Botany. Toronto: Wm. C. Brown Publishers.

Moore, J. and T. Mansell. 1997. Tall Grass Prairie Grazing Project Report, 1997. Draft. Unpublished report for the Critical Wildlife Habitat Program, Manitoba.

Morgan, J.P., D.R. Collicutt, and J.D. Thompson. 1995. Restoring Canada's Native Prairies: A Practical Manual. Manitoba: Prairie Habitats.

Nuzzo, V.A. 1986. Extent and status of midwest oak savannah: presettlement and 1985. Natural Areas Journal 6(2):6-36.

Oldham, M.J. 1993. Distribution and Status of the Vascular Plants of Southwestern Ontario. Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, Aylmer District.

Oldham, M.J. 1996. Natural Heritage Resources of Ontario: Rare Vascular Plants. Peterborough: Natural Heritage Information Centre, Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources.

Ostlie, W. The Nature Conservancy, Midwest Heritage Task Force, personal communication.

Pauly, W.R. 1997. Conducting Burns. In S. Packard and C.F. Mutel, eds. The Tallgrass Restoration Handbook for Prairies, Savannas, and Woodlands. Washington: Island Press. Pp. 223-244.

Pyne, S.J. 1982. Fire in America: A cultural history of wildland and rural fire. Princeton, New Jersey: Princton University Press.

Reichman, O.J. 1987. Konza Prairie: A Tallgrass Natural History. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas.

Reznicek, A.A. 1983. Association of relict prairie flora with Indian trails in central Ontario. In R. Brewer, ed. Proceedings of the eighth North American prairie conference. Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, Michigan.

Riley, J.L. 1989. Distribution and Status of the Vascular Plants of Central Region. Richmond Hill, Ontario: Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, Parks and Recreational Areas Section, Open File Ecological Report SR8902, Central Region.

Rodger, L. 1998. Tallgrass Communities of Southern Ontario: A Recovery Plan. Report prepared for World Wildlife Fund Canada and the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources.

Samson, R. 1993a. Wanted: a biomass energy policy for Canada. Sustainable Farming, Winter 1993.

Samson, R. 1993b. Briquettes of grass: "green coal" from the prairie. Sustainable Farming, Winter 1993.

Samson, R. 1994. New growth vs. old growth: agriculture will end the hunting and gathering of fibre. Sustainable Farming, Winter 1994.

Sauer, C. 1950. Grassland Climax, Fire, and Man. Journal of Range Management 3:16-21.

Suffling, R., L. Lamb, and S. Murphy. 1998. Development of a native plant prescription for urban hydro rights of way. In Reclamation and Restoration of Settled Landscapes. Proceedings of the 23rd Annual Meeting, Canadian Land Reclamation Association in association with the Society for Ecological Restoration Ontario Chapter, Markham, Ontario. September 27-29, 1998.

Szeicz, J.M. and G.M. MacDonald. 1991. Postglacial vegetation history of oak savanna in southern Ontario. Canadian Journal of Botany 69:1507-1519.

Traill, C.P. 1836. The Backwoods of Canada. London: Charles Knight. Reprinted in 1989 by McClelland and Stewart, Toronto.

Voss, E.G. 1972. Michigan Flora. Part 1: Gymnosperms and Monocots. Bloomfield Hills: Cranbrook Institute of Science. Bulletin 55.

Waller, S.S., L.E. Moser, and T.O. Dill. 1994. Warm-season grasses for a cool climate. In F.K. Taha, Z. Abouguendia, and P.R. Horton, eds. Managing Canadian Rangelands For Sustainability and Profitability. Proceedings of The First Interprovincial Range Conference in Western Canada. Regina: Grazing and Pasture Technology Program. Pp. 206-215.

Watts, R.B. 1969. The natural vegetation of the southern great plains of Canada. In J.G. Nelson and M.J. Chambers, eds. Vegetation, Soils and Wildlife. Toronto: Methuen. Pp. 93-111.

Wedin, D. and D. Tilman. 1992. Nitrogen cycling, plant competition, and the stability of tallgrass prairie. In D. Smith and C. Jacobs, eds. Proceedings of the Twelfth North American Prairie Conference: Recapturing a Vanishing Heritage. Cedar Falls, Iowa: University of Northern Iowa Press. Pp. 5-8.

Woodliffe, A. District Ecologist, Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, Aylmer Region, personal communication.

Zomlefer, W.B. 1994. Guide to Flowering Plant Families. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.



The author, Lindsay Rodger, surrounded by Ratibida pinnata

The author, Lindsay Rodger,
surrounded by Ratibida pinnata
(gray-headed coneflower).
Photo © L. Harris 1998.


Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 References Appendix 1

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