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Phytography ("the craft of plant description"1)
& Anatomy

Both existing and new taxa need to be characterized, that is, described with respect both to the salient features by which they can be recognized and distinguished from similar taxa, and to the features they share with other taxa deemed to be related.

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& Anatomy...

Both in characterizing the course of plant evolution and in characterizing individual taxa (cf. Judd et al. 2002, chapters 3 and 4), microscopic internal and external features of the plant body can be vitally important.

The Angiosperm Phylogeny website provides a good example of the way in which traditional phytography as well as anatomical and biochemical data can be integrated into a comprehensive analysis of systematic relationships.

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Davis, P. H. & V. H. Heywood (1965). Principles of Angiosperm taxonomy. Edinburgh, Oliver & Boyd.

Judd et al. (2002), Ch. 4.

Lawrence, G. H. M. (1951). Taxonomy of vascular plants. New York, Macmillan.

Porter, C. L. (1967). Taxonomy of flowering plants. San Francisco, W. H. Freeman.

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