Instructor

Prerequisite

Texts

Evaluation

Description

Syllabus (2003)

Files


Please note: this page, and the ones to which it links, were prepared for the academic year 2002-2003 version of BOT300H1S, as described below. Any features of the course described on these pages cannot be assumed to apply to the course as it is currently being taught. These pages are merely being retained for whatever usefulness they have to BOT300 students and students in other courses. ---TAD, 7 January 2004.

Instructor (Winter 2003): Tim Dickinson
Green Plant Herbarium (TRT) - Center for Biodiversity & Conservation Biology - Royal Ontario Museum
416 586-8032

ESC3088, Tuesday and Thursday 1300-1400h (lectures), and Thursday 1400-1700h (laboratory)

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Prerequisite: BIO 150Y

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Required Text:
Judd, W. S., Campbell, C. S., Kellogg, E. A., Stevens, P. F. & M. J. Donoghue (2002). Plant Systematics - A Phylogenetic Approach, 2nd ed. Sunderland MA, Sinauer Associates, Inc.


Recommended supplementary texts (to be placed on short term loan in the ESC Library):
Cronquist, A. (1988). The Evolution and classification of flowering plants 2nd ed. Bronx NY, New York Botanical Garden.
Davis, P. H. & V. H. Heywood (1963). Principles of angiosperm taxonomy. Edinburgh, Oliver & Boyd.
Radford, A. E., Dickison, W. C., Massey, J. R. & C. R. Bell (1974). Vascular plant systematics. New York, Harper & Row.
Stace, C.A. (1989). Plant Taxonomy and Biosystematics 2nd ed. London, Edward Arnold.
Stuessy, T. F. (1990). Plant taxonomy - the systematic evaluation of comparative data. New York, Columbia University Press.

Other resources:
American Society of Plant taxonomy (ASPT)
Systematic Botany
International Association for Plant Taxonomy (IAPT)
Taxon

Canadian Journal of Botany

University of Toronto users who access this website via a non-U of T internet service provider should obtain a proxy server account in order to be able to access U of T electronic journal subscriptions and other services. Use the search function to find other electronic resources held by the U of T Library.

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Method of Evaluation: 57% term tests (3 x 19%), 19% term paper, 19% laboratory project, 5% laboratory exercises.

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An introduction to the principles and practice of biological taxonomy, with emphasis on seed plants. Discussion of the historical development of taxonomy provides a backdrop for the evaluation of contemporary trends in the discipline. Among the topics considered are: folk biological taxonomy, nomenclature, lines of evidence used in making taxonomic decisions, the relationships between phylogeny and classification, and disagreements among contemporary schools of taxonomy. Students will be required to review a taxonomic monograph. Practicals emphasize skills in classification and identification.

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Course Outline - 2003, BOT300H1S

   

Lecture topics

Laboratories

T

Jan 7

Introduction

R

9

The nature of taxonomy

Keying: Ferns

       

T

14

Naturalness; taxonomic hierarchy

 

R

16

The plant kingdom & its Divisions

Keying: Gymnosperms

       

T

21

Folk & pre-Linnaean taxonomy

 

R

23

Linnaeus' contributions

Taxonomic databases and the DELTA Editor

       

T

28

Post-Linnaean & contemporary taxonomy

 

R

30

Bessey's dicta

Vegetative morphology; see Judd et al. (2002) pp. 55-63 for illustrations of the relevant terminology.

 

 

 

 

T

Feb 4

TERM TEST I [answers]

 

R

6

Nomenclatural history and principles I, V & VI

Basic floral morphology (comparison with gymnosperms; glossary); see also Judd et al. (2002) pp. 63-69.

 

 

 

 

T

11

Phytography & anatomy

 

R

13

Class visit to the greenhouses at Allan Gardens (no lecture; meet in Palm House 1400h)

 

 

 

 

M-F

17-21

Reading week

 

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T

25

Nomenclatural principle II

 

R

27

Embryology

Bessey's dicta

 

 

 

 

T

Mar 4

Nomenclatural principles III & IV and Wood

 

R

6

Palynology

Wood

 

 

 

 

T

11

TERM TEST II [answers]

 

R

13

Experimental taxonomy

Pollen grains

 

 

 

 

T

18

Chemotaxonomy and molecular systematics

 

R

20

Taxonomic steps [BOOK REVIEW DUE] (Comments)

Fruits & seeds

 

 

 

 

T

25

Phenetic analysis (measuring similarity)

 

R

27

Phenetic analysis (clustering & ordination)

Phenetic methods and DELTA database development (troubleshooting)

 

 

 

 

T

Apr 1

Cladistic analysis (character polarity & Hennigian analysis)

 

R

3

Cladistic analysis (character compatibility)

Visit to the ROM Green Plant Herbarium (after the lecture, meet at the ROM staff entrance at 1420h; you must be signed in to be able to visit the collection areas). See also the Guide to plant collection and identification, and Adam White's unfinished botanical scrapbook.

 

 

 

 

T

8

Cladistic analysis (parsimony) [DELTA DATABASE DUE]

 

R

10

TERM TEST III [answers]

 

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Please send your comments to tim.dickinson@utoronto.ca; last updated 07-Apr-2004