The Term Paper

Choose, read, and analyze one monograph from the list. I expect about a 5 10 page typed "review" of this monograph in relation to the concepts presented in the course (due on 20 March 2003). Although you are unlikely to have any familiarity with the plants described in the monograph, you can still assess the following kinds of points:

What is the scope of the monograph taxonomically and geographically compared to the total size and distribution of the taxon named in the title? Is the monograph part of a series? If so, what kind? Is there an identifiable audience for the study?

What proportion is given over to introductory and explanatory material versus taxonomic descriptions? What kind of material is included in the introductory section?

What kinds of characters are discussed? Are they all traditional phytographic characters, or do they include more modern microscopic, biochemical, or biosystematic features? If some of the latter are included, do they also figure in the taxonomic descriptions or in the taxonomic decisions?

Is there a stated taxonomic philosophy or species concept? Is there any explicit discussion of how taxonomic decisions (i.e., on circumscription and delimitation) are made? Are any modern "objective" methods of analysis (such as cladistics or numerical phenetics) used and, if so, do the results contribute to the taxonomy proposed?

Are the keys mechanically functional? That is, are they constructed to be strictly dichotomous, so that the leads are all parallel, and so that the characters do not overlap?

Are all of the species illustrated? How good are the illustrations? Could you key them out?
How long and thorough are the descriptions? How many pages per species are there (including total length of the monograph) compared to the average for other monographs on the list?

Can you tell how much material was available to study, either through listing of specimens seen or through dot maps of distribution? If so, about how many specimens per species were consulted? Did the author do any field, garden, or greenhouse work, or was it all based on herbarium specimens?

Are range maps presented for all taxa? Is biogeography discussed?
What proportion of the taxa are newly described and what proportion are new combinations? How well do these nomenclatural matters conform to the rules of the ICBN?
Is full bibliographic information presented? How well is the literature for the group in question (and taxonomic literature generally) used?

Are hybrids, natural and artificial, specifically addressed? If so, how are they interpreted?
Use your own imagination to raise issues presented by the particular monograph you have chosen.


You don't have to read all of the descriptions in detail. Read a few carefully, to try to understand them, and skim through the others to see how uniform they are.

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All in Earth Sciences Library, with call letters beginning with QK495.

call number  authors  taxon  spp  pp

A1655 H47 1989 M Hedrén Justicia (Acanthaceae) 44 141
A32 H35 1993X S A Hammer Conophytum (Aizoaceae) 85 283
A4 H39 1994 Haynes & Holm-Nielson Alismataceae 40 112
A6 M32 1992 P J M Maas et al. Rollinia (Annonaceae) 44 188
A6 M87 1993 N A Murray Cymbopetalum (Annonaceae) 34 121
A685 B69 1993 P Boyce Arum (Araceae) 25 196
A685 G73 1996 M H Grayum Philodendron (Araceae) 33 233
A685 H46 1990 A Henderson Iriarteinae (Palmae) 11 100
A815 M48 1997X U. Meve Duvalia (Asclepiadaceae) 17 132
A815 W36 1988 H-E Wanntorp Microloma (Asclepiadaceae) 19 69
C11 K37 1994 F Kattermann Eriosyce (Cactaceae) 33 176
C11 Z36 1994 D C Zappi Pilosocereus (Cactaceae) 34 160
C18 L35 1991 T G Lammers Clermontia (Lobelioideae) 22 97
C74 B32 1990 J H Beaman Hieracium (Compositae) 19 77
C74 K3 1989 P O Karis Metalasia (Compositae) 52 150
C74 P36 1992 J L Pannero Pappobolus (Compositae) 38 195
C74 S66 1990 D M Spooner Simsia (Compositae) 18 90
C74 T75 1985 A S Tomb Lygodesmia (Compositae) 8 51
C9 B6 1987 L Borgen Lobularia (Cruciferae) 4 96
C975 E75 1995 R Eriksson Sphaeradenia (Cyclanthaceae) 50 106
E68 V25 1988 S P VanderKloet Vaccinium (Ericaceae) 26 201
G35 K47 1985 J Klackenberg Exacum (Gentianaceae) 65 144
G38 A33 1996 C Aedo Geranium (Geraniaceae) 19 104
G74 P48 1991 Peterson & Annable Muhlenbergia (Gramineae) 29 109
H15 M32 1993 Maas & Maas-Kamer Haemodoraceae 5 44
I75 G65 1993 P Goldblatt Nivenia et al. (Iridaceae) 13 139
I75 H45 1991 Hilliard & Burtt Dierama (Iridaceae) 44 152
J87 B34 1996 H Balslev Juncaceae 55 167
K7 S5 1989 B B Simpson Krameriaceae 17 108
L25 M46 1989 J Mennema Lamium (Labiatae) 15 198
L52 H83 1998 C Hughes Leucaena (Leguminosae) 24 244
L52 L37 1993 M Lavin Poitea (Leguminosae) 12 87
L52 N5 1984 I Nielsen et al. Archidendron (Leguminosae) 94 120
L72 M28 1996 B Mathew Allium (Liliaceae) 115 176
L72 N67 1982 B Nordenstam Ornithoglossum (Liliaceae) 8 51
L74 R64 1984 C M Rogers Linaceae 61 58
L87 H38 Hawksworth & Wiens Arceuthobium (Loranthaceae)28 234
L9 G72 1998 S. A. Graham Cuphea (Lythraceae) 16 96
M514 S54 1993 J D Skean, Jr. Mecranium (Melastomataceae) 23 116
M545 L84 1993 M Luckow Desmanthus (Leguminosae) 24 166
M73 B368 1990 C C Berg et al. Coussapoa (Cecropiaceae) 46 110
M78 A52 1985 L Andersson Heliconia (Musaceae) 42 123
O46 C4 1992 Ch-J Chen et al. Epilobium (Onagraceae) 37 209
O46 D53 1997 W Dietrich et al. Oenothera (Onagraceae) 13 234
O46 R28 1987 Ramamoorthy & Zardini Ludwigia (Onagraceae) 30 120
O46 W34 1985 W L Wagner et al. Oenothera (Onagraceae) 5 103
O64 I35 v.9 C A Luer Myoxanthus (Orchidaceae) 47 111
O64 P345 1993 H Ae Pedersen Pterocerus (Orchidaceae) 19 64
O64 V64 1988 E F de Vogel Pholidota (Orchidaceae) 29 118
P17 B19 1986 M J Balick Oenocarpus & Jessenia (Palmae) 9 140
P17 E82 1995 R J Evans Chryosophila (Palmae) 10 70
P28 M34 1994 J M MacDougal Passiflora (Passifloraceae) 18 146
P8 M38 1989 B Mathew Lewisia (Portulacaceae) 19 151
R78 C575 1992 K I Christensen Crataegus (Rosaceae) 45 199
R85 J65 1987 J T Johansson Prismatomeris (Rubiaceae) 15 62
R85 T47 1996E E Terrell Houstonia (Rubiaceae) 20 118
S19 A34 1991 F Adema Cupaniopsis (Sapindaceae) 60 190
S24 H4 J H Hemsley Sapotaceae 44 78
S43 M63 1990 U Molau Bartsia (Scrophulariaceae) 49 99
S7 B65 1994 L Bohs Cyphomandra (Solanaceae) 32 175
T457 S83 1991 B Ståhl Clavija (Theophrastaceae) 50 77
T5 J6 G N Jones Tilia (Tiliaceae) 4 156
T77 S63 1991 Sparre & Andersson Tropaeolaceae 38 195

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All in Gerstein Library, B Storey.
All with call letters beginning with QK495.

call number  authors  taxon  spp  pp
A1655 D36 1983 T F Daniel Carlowrightia (Acanthaceae) 20 116
A1655 D38 1986 T F Daniel Tetramerium (Acanthaceae) 28 134
A43 O9 v.1 M Ownbey & H C Aase Allium canadense alliance 10 106
A688 P45 H W Pfeifer pentandrous Aristolochia 35 134
B23 H34 B Hansen Balanophoraceae 15 80
B62 G46 v.1 A H Gentry Bignoniaceae (2 tribes) 34 131
B78 C8 J Cuatrecasas Brunelliaceae 51 188
C37 P75 G T Prance & M Freitas Caryocaraceae 23 75
C74 J3 1985 R K Jansen Acmella (Compositae) 30 115
C74 T75 A S Tomb Lygodesmia (Compositae) 8 51
C997 S68 1985 L A Standley Carex ser. Acutae (Cyperaceae) 10 106
C998 T8 1983 G C Tucker Cyperus (Cyperaceae) 50 85
D44 P7 G T Prance Dichapetalaceae (ignore Rhabdo) 41 84
E68 V25 1988 S P VanderKloet Vaccinium (Ericaceae) 26 201
E685 H45 1988 N Hensold Paepalanthus subg. Xeractis 27 150
G74 C573 1989 L G Clark Chusquea (Gramineae) 31 127
L15 I48 J H Ietswaart Origanum (Labiatae) 55 153
L25 S26 1986 R W SandersAgastache sect. Brittoniastrum 14 92
L375 K83 1982 K Kubitzki & S RennerAniba & Aiouea (Lauraceae) 60 124
L52 A56 1988 S Akiyama Lespedeza sect. Macrolespedeza 11 170
L52 D8 D B Dunn & J M GillettLupinus (Leguminosae) 28 89
L52 H67 1986 H C F Hopkins Parkia (Leguminosae) 16 124
L52 L38 1988 M Lavin Coursetia (Leguminosae) 38 167
L72 S37 1985 C L Scott Haworthia (Liliaceae) 87150
M9 L36 1981 L R Landrum Myrceugenia (Myrtaceae) 41 135
N97 W54 1987 J H Wiersma Nymphaea subg. Hydrocallis 31 102
O35 S54 1984 H O Sleumer Olacaceae 88 159
O64 C36 1986 M W Chase Leochilus (Orchidaceae) 9 97
P775 M4 R van der Meijden Xanthophyllum (Polygalaceae) 95 159
R43 A23 M S Abdallah Resedaceae 13 115
R45 J63 M C & L-V A Johnston Rhamnus (Rhamnaceae) 21 96
R85 T39 1989 C M Taylor Palicourea (Rubiaceae) 31 102
S43 C48 1986 TI Chuang & LR Heckard Cordylanthus (Scrophulariaceae) 13 105
S43 E44 1985 W J Elisens Maurandyinae (Scrophulariaceae) 20 97
S43 T56 1988 D M Thompson Antirrhinum(Scrophulariaceae) 15 142
T73 L53 E Lleras Trigoniaceae 26 73
U48 A37 1985 J M Affolter Lilaeopsis (Umbelliferae) 13 140
U48 S35 1984 M A Schlessman Lomatium (Umbelliferae) 16 55
Z65 M3 P J M Maas Costoideae (Zingiberaceae) 41 138

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© 2003 Botany Department, University of Toronto; assignment text and monograph list by J. E. Eckenwalder.

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